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Multiculturalism & identity politics – the reactionary consequences and how they can be challenged

Recent weeks have seen racial tensions in the news once more, with the antics of the ‘English Defence League’ and those responding to them featuring high in the headlines. Like the BNP, the EDL claim to be defending the rights of the majority culture in the same manner as minorities, with support from their liberal sympathisers, defend theirs. As times get harder and the economic cake shrinks over the coming years, the battle for the crumbs will, as things stand, be fought along racial lines. This is the legacy of identity politics and multiculturalism.

The purpose of this article is to start the process of taking our analysis of multiculturalism and identity politics to a new level. The aim is to ensure we have the tools to be able to challenge the stance of both the left and the right on this issue. With regard to the right, it is not just the BNP we want to challenge but the more deferential kind of conservatism that may fill the vacuum created by the collapse of the neo-liberal project. A key part of this challenge is to highlight how backward and reactionary the embrace of multiculturalism and identity politics is. In particular, we want to draw attention to the way in which identity politics traps people and denies them the opportunity to transcend their circumstances – a vitally important aim given the parlous state of the economy and the coming age of austerity.

The 30 year experiment with neo-liberalism has crashed and burned. The bubble economy of the last ten years was built on the triple pillars of a debt fuelled consumer boom, supposedly ever rising property prices that were meant to underpin that debt and last, but by no means least, the shenanigans of high finance. These three pillars have crumbled to dust leaving an economy with no dynamism and no means of renewing itself. Neo-liberalism has been responsible for the decline of upward social mobility from the working class over the last thirty years. With a moribund economy, the downward mobility of those who thought they could buy the middle class lifestyle on credit will, if anything, swell the ranks of the working class.

New Labour are in the process of self destructing, Unless Gordon Brown can pull off the miracle of all times, the Tories look set to form the next government. With the failure of neo-liberalism leaving a vacuum on the political right, conservatives are grasping around for a new narrative that will fit the looming age of austerity. Further investigation is needed to enable us to predict with some certainty what that narrative will be. However, in an age where prevailing economic circumstances have made upward social mobility from the working class almost an impossibility, an acceleration of the return to a more hierarchical, rigid society is pretty much on the cards, albeit one assuming a 21st century form utilising the green rhetoric of limits. In this kind of climate, any kind of thinking that implies peoples’ identities are fixed, whether they are cultural, religious or based on class, will only serve to reinforce social and cultural divisions, thwarting any attempts to move society onto a more dynamic, progressive footing.  

We have a responsibility to challenge backward notions about the immutability of peoples’ identities and to fight for a vision of a society where the majority of ordinary working people, regardless of their ethnic, religious or social background, can fulfil their aspirations.

The left’s obsession with identity politics

To be brutally honest, there never was a golden age of the political left. But there was a time when there was more of a commitment to universal values and aspirations. The problem for the left was that they never had a convincing or successful programme that could deliver equality for all along with economic and social justice. The left certainly never had an analysis or programme that convinced the vast majority of working class people to fully place their faith in them. This failure inevitably led the working class to give up on the left and the left to emphatically turn their backs on the working class. The rest is the grisly history of the left’s retreat into the world of identity politics.

It is a travesty that so called progressives should embrace the politics of identity. For what are identity politics other than a celebration of what you were born into? Celebrating an accident of birth denies the possibility of transcending what you are and striving for a better future for yourself, your family and your community. The only people who would willingly embrace such a limiting and rigid society are the more traditional conservatives who long for a more stable and hierarchical society, even if upward social mobility is a casualty of this. Which makes it all the more odd that so called ‘progressives’ are quite happy to promote identity politics and multiculturalism when it is clear they only serve to consign people to a fixed status in society. It may not be the explicit intention of these ‘progressives’ to do this but it is certainly the unintended consequence. What they also fail to see is that conservative notions about identity and culture being immutable can also be applied to class. When a devastating economic crisis has effectively ended any chance of upward social mobility for the working class, championing the politics of identity is a betrayal of their aspirations.

So this begs the question, why has the left embraced identity politics? While the purpose here is not to undertake a post mortem on the failure of the left, the answer to the question does lie in some of the numerous wrong turns they have made in the past.

The liberal left’s inexorable drift into identity politics has its roots, in part, in the struggles against imperialism and racism. The problems the left has brought upon itself in the course of those struggles stem from an over-emphasis on the cultural aspects of these issues and an underplaying of the material and economic factors at play.

The failure of much of the liberal left in their analysis to effectively take on board the political, material and economic factors which fuelled imperialism from its inception in the 19th century have led to the cultural and moral aspects of the issue being over-played. The politics of guilt and self loathing that are the hallmarks of the liberal left are a direct consequence of this failure. A few of the more orthodox Marxist sects certainly had a much better understanding of the dynamics of imperialism but the very nature of these groups meant there was always going to be a very limited audience for their analysis.

This liberal left self-loathing guilt and the automatic, unthinking and uncritical reflex of West-equals-bad and anything non-Western must be good sits uneasily with the fact that many leaders of the liberation struggles from the 1940s onwards respected the learning and thinking of Western civilisation. These leaders wryly observed it was a great shame the colonial powers didn’t live up to the Enlightenment values they supposedly espoused. Kenan Malik describes this outlook thus:

Those who actually fought Western imperialism over the past two centuries recognised that their struggles were rooted in the Enlightenment tradition. ‘I denounce European colonialist scholarship’, wrote CLR James, the West Indian writer and political revolutionary. ‘But I respect the learning and the profound discoveries of Western civilisation.’ [1]                      

The struggle against racism in Britain has been diverted into the sidings when it comes to upholding universal values such as economic and social justice for all. There have been plenty of barriers to immigrants over the generations that have prevented them from achieving their aims of building a new and better life – one being active racial discrimination and the other being the limits to the ability of the economic system we live under to guarantee the chance of improvement for all. While it was essential to fight racial discrimination, the left failed to effectively link this struggle with a challenge to the material, economic and social constraints that prevented immigrants and the working class as a whole from moving up the ladder. The consequence of this was to allow the issue of racism to become one of culture and attitudes with the material and economic aspects of the matter only paid occasional lip service.

Merely stepping onto the terrain of culture and attitudes sets in motion a chain of consequences that lead to blaming the majority population for the continuance of racism and the finger wagging, moralising approach to anti-racism that has been a hallmark of the left for over thirty years now. The situation was reached where the ethnic minorities could do no wrong and the white working class were condemned pretty much every time they expressed concerns over the impact of immigration or the unfairness of multiculturalism. The bitter legacy of the embrace of identity politics is the cleavage of the working class along the lines described by Frances Fox Piven thus:

Identity politics fosters lateral cleavages which are unlikely to reflect fundamental conflicts over societal power and resources and, indeed, may seal popular allegiance ‘to the ruling classes that exploit them. [2]

On the other hand:

Class politics, at least in principle, promotes vertical cleavages, mobilizing people around axes which broadly correspond to hierarchies of power, and which promote challenges to these hierarchies. [3]                                                                                       

The consequence of this is the division of the working class as the liberal left fawns over the ethnic minorities while barely concealing their contempt for the white working class. A contempt which once you examine the language used and the motivations behind it, is racist. The left long ago abandoned what was at best, an uneasy relationship with the British working class when it was judged that the class wasn’t overly enthusiastic about the political programme on offer. That breakdown of the relationship has over the decades, morphed into a despairing contempt for the British working class and the assumption that they are irredeemably reactionary and resistant to any attempts at enlightenment. In other words, the left has implicitly embraced the notion that there are certain characteristics of the British working class that are immutable and unchanging. When you consider the consequences of ascribing immutable characteristics to any social or ethnic grouping, then it has to be said the liberal left are on very dangerous ground indeed in their demonisation of the white working class.

The BNP are multiculturalists

The BNP claims to despise multiculturalism. While it can be said they deplore what they see as the consequences of the liberal left embrace of multiculturalism, the far right see each and every culture as immutable and unchanging, hence the need to preserve the cultural identity of the white majority by taking a stand against inter-marriage. The BNP will claim they respect the premise that other cultures have a right to their own existence, the proviso being that differing cultures have to be kept separate in order to preserve their ‘purity’. They also claim that cultural divisions are natural and attempts to eradicate or even dilute them run against the natural order. Alastair Harper writing in the BNP journal, Identity, stated that:  

As the Duke of Wellington said “Being born in a stable does not make one a horse” – Britishness is chromosomal not residential. [4]

The far right have looked at how the left has embraced identity politics and have appropriated some of the terminology and language of the left to celebrate the culture of the majority white population. After all, when the BNP say that if such and such a group can celebrate their culture, then surely the white majority has as much of a right to celebrate theirs? If you are of a liberal left persuasion and have already signed up to the notion that minority cultures have a right to celebrate what they are, then it can be said it is hypocritical of them to deny that right to the white majority. Such is the dilemma faced by the liberal left as the consequences of their embrace of identity politics start to bite them back.

The BNP in their desire to defend and enforce cultural and ethnic boundaries face a potential flaw in their desire to  portray themselves as the ‘friends’ of the working class. The fatal flaw is that the far right’s assertion that cultural divisions are natural can also quite easily be turned around by conservatives and applied to class divisions…

Why traditional conservatives love identity politics

With an allegedly reformist leader in the person of David Cameron who has been frantically re-branding conservatism to make it relevant to the 21st century, why are we talking about ‘traditional conservatism’? As stated in the introduction, the disintegration of the neo-liberal economic and social experiment has left a vacuum on the political right. We are moving into a period where even if there is a technical recovery from the recession, the pace of growth will be so sluggish that there will be no feeling of dynamism in the economy. Allied to this will be the inevitable raising of taxes and painful cuts in public spending as the government of the day attempts to work off the massive public debt, a considerable chunk of which was incurred in the desperate bid to avert systemic bank failure.

To put it bluntly, for any incoming government after the next election, the prospect they face is a nightmare of the worst order. Given New Labour’s complete and utter disintegration, it is more than likely that the next government will be a Tory one. The Tories are going to have to find a narrative to help them in presiding over at best a sluggish economy, austerity and the ever present threat of the IMF having to pay a visit if insufficient progress is being made in reducing the crippling level of public (and private) debt owed by UK plc. The Tories are going to have to find a way of telling the vast bulk of the population that they can forget about their dreams and aspirations as the nation hunkers down to generations of austerity.

Talk of economic growth, dynamism and the prospect of rising living standards will be off the agenda for a long while. Instead, the discussion will be about limits, making do, and accepting what you have and where you are in society. While it would be difficult for the Tories to openly return to the hierarchical view of society they embraced in the past, they will be making every effort to develop a narrative of limits and accepting what you have that will be relevant to the 21st century. There are considerably more subtle ways of promoting this notion, one being green rhetoric about limits to growth being appropriated and twisted around to a dialogue about people learning to be more content with what they have. As well as this, the Tories will have the extremely delicate task of having to explain why upward social mobility is an ever receding possibility for the bulk of the population. As stated earlier, the issue of how the Tories will develop this narrative will be the subject of further investigation.

Traditional conservatives claim that cultures do not mix successfully and that different peoples are best left to get on with their own affairs. This stems from the assumption that culture is an immutable characteristic of any given society and one that only evolves slowly. The same argument has been used by some conservatives to justify the continuance of class divisions, hence their making every effort to depict class as something that is more or less immutable with only a few being deemed capable of making an upward move out of their class. Obviously, it is a rare conservative who will explicitly state such open prejudice – most will choose a form of language that either implies or sows the seed of a notion in peoples’ minds that there is a natural and unchanging aspect to class divisions. One example of how these notions can be sown came in this recent utterance from the former chief schools inspector, Chris Woodhead, on the issue of social class and life chances:  

I think it would be unlikely that large numbers of grammar school kids would come from those disadvantaged areas – the genes are likely to be better if your parents are teachers, academics, lawyers, whatever. And the nurture is likely to be better. But that doesn’t mean that there are not going to be DH Lawrences. [5]

With a long period of austerity, a moribund economy and upward social mobility a thing of the past, it will be tempting for at least some conservatives to revisit past thinking about class divisions having at least in part, a natural element to them, albeit that thinking will have to be re-presented in a form that has relevance to the 21st century. It is worth taking a brief look at the history of such thinking. Racial thinking in the 19th century had its origins in the deterministic notion that the poor were poor because of the lot dealt to them by nature and that in the main, there was little chance of the majority of them ever being able to transcend their circumstances. This account of working class life in the Saturday Review, a well-read liberal magazine of the Victorian era, typifies the English middle class attitudes of this era:

The Bethnal Green poor… are a caste apart, a race of whom we know nothing, whose lives are of quite different complexion from ours, persons with whom we have no point of contact. And although there is not yet quite the same separation of classes or castes in the country, yet the great mass of the agricultural poor are divided from the educated and the comfortable, from squires and parsons and tradesmen, by a barrier which custom has forged through long centuries, and which only very exceptional circumstances ever beat down, and then only for an instant. The slaves are separated from the whites by more glaring… marks of distinction; but still distinctions and separations, like those of English classes which always endure, which last from the cradle to the grave, which prevent anything like association or companionship, produce a general effect on the life of the extreme poor, and subject them to isolation, which offer a very fair parallel to the separation of the slaves from the whites. [6]                                                                                 

In the 21st century, it would be hoped that this kind of deterministic thinking would have been thoroughly discredited. However, a scan through the comments left after any article on social mobility and class in a right wing paper such as the Telegraph will reveal that these prejudices are alive and well. The quote below is just one example of how these views can be expressed:

More children is not a solution or a good idea if those children are born to those at the bottom of the social ladder. Intelligence, either of the genetic or acquired variety, does not occur naturally at the bottom of the socio-economic ladder at anything like it does at the middle or upper ends. Having a disproportionate number of children born to parents at the bottom of the mental acuity scale will not save anything. It will create an intractable feudal society with an educated, intelligent elite and a far larger uneducable underclass. We must encourage educated women to bear more children or do it ‘artificially’ if we are to avoid this dysgenic nightmare. [7]

While conservatives condemn the obsession of multiculturalists with celebrating the identity of minorities while ignoring the majority, privately they must be delighted at the message that is implicitly conveyed by the liberal left. The left’s obsession with encouraging minorities to celebrate the culture they have in a world where upward social mobility is a fading dream, sends out an implicit signal that identities cannot be transcended and that people have little choice but to accept what and where they are. In other words, there is the danger that where there is little or no upward social mobility, class divisions become naturalised. This has to be music to the ears of those conservatives who hanker after a stable social order where people know their place in the pecking order…

Why multiculturalism and identity politics are reactionary and backwards

The celebration of a particular culture is in fact, a recognition that in a society where material and social progress can no longer be guaranteed for the mass of the people, cultural identity is the one constant that people can hang onto when times are hard. It is an implicit admission that the project of achieving material, social and economic progress for the mass of the people has effectively been abandoned by the left. As Kenan Malik states, this outlook is the consequence of the narrowing of political options.

As the meaning of politics has narrowed, so people have begun to view themselves and their social affiliations in a different way. Social solidarity has become increasingly defined not in political terms – as collective action in pursuit of certain political ideals but in terms of ethnicity or culture. The question people ask themselves are not so much ‘What kind of society do I want to live in?’ as ‘Who are we?’ [8]

The liberal left is unable to understand that there is nothing progressive in unthinkingly encouraging people to simply celebrate what they are. This is particularly the case when reactionary and backward social practices not only go unchallenged but are excused on the basis that they are an ‘integral part of the culture’. This unthinking encouragement for ethnic minorities to celebrate what they are is at odds with the prime motive of any immigrant which is to start a new life in a new country and to leave the past behind.

The major failure of the left was promoting this uncritical celebration of culture for pretty much every ethnic and religious minority while at the same time, strongly condemning and such expression of pride from the white working class majority. Not only did the left turn its back on the white working class, they embarked upon an ideological trajectory that would guarantee the white working class turning its back on the left in utter disgust!

Fairness for all

When the IWCA have been canvassing and the issue of race and multiculturalism has been brought up, the vast majority of white working class people we have talked to simply want fair treatment. They rightly object to public funding for community projects that benefit one small ethnic minority at the expense of the majority.

The liberal left’s encouragement for various minorities to celebrate their culture stands in stark contrast to their thinly veiled contempt for any of the white working class who simply want an acknowledgement of their Englishness / Britishness. As discussed earlier, part of this is down to liberal guilt about the colonial past plus an anti-imperialism that unthinkingly assumes that anything Western is bad, so by definition, anything anti-Western has to be good. However, that is only part of the explanation for their dismissive attitude towards any white working class assertion of English / British identity. Again, as discussed earlier, there is a thinly veiled contempt for the working class who had the temerity to snub the patronising, middle class, Fabian, social democratic political model. One clear consequence of this contempt is that the white working class majority can never expect fairness from a middle class left who despise them. This is why we need to have the argument out with the left on how backward, reactionary and ultimately their unthinking support for multiculturalism and identity is.

Despite the siren promises made by the likes of the BNP, the working class cannot expect a fair society to be delivered from an authoritarian political tendency that supports a rigid social structure. The far right’s implicit support for a rigid social hierarchy has to be brought out and shown as the barrier to working class advancement it really is.

Firing our guns in both directions at once is the only way we can offer a distinctive analysis and critique of identity politics that once and for all, labels it as a reactionary and backward doctrine that only serves to hold working class people back. This means paradoxically, de-racialising identity politics and showing it to be nothing more than support for a social hierarchy where people are expected to know their place. Once this can be achieved, the more fundamental questions of what kind of social economy we want can then start to be seriously addressed.

Summary

The following points are intended to act as a brief summary of why we think multiculturalism and identity politics have dangerously reactionary consequences.

1) Over recent decades, the left has increasingly abandoned the working class and class politics in favour of identity politics: the politics of race, gender and sexuality. In turn, this has caused the working class to increasingly abandon the left.

2) Taken to its logical conclusion, identity politics is a conservative, anti-human concept that sees society as static – a view that can translate just as easily to rigid class hierarchies as it can to competing and incompatible cultural and racial identities.

3) Defining people in terms of the ‘identity’ they were born into is a rejection of the idea of a dynamic society, where it is seen as possible – and desirable – for class and cultural identities to be transcended so that everyone can reach their full and unique potential.

4) The promotion of identity politics fosters artificial divisions within the working class and helps to encourage a racialised view of the world, preparing the ground for race-based politics. This view of society simply doesn’t reflect fundamental conflicts over economic and societal power yet it has the potential to fatally fragment each and every progressive working class movement in the future. Like the Labour Party, the BNP is fully signed up to the notion of identity politics, to the extent that their magazine is called ‘Identity’.

5) We support the concept of full equality, where people are judged on what they do rather than on what they are perceived to be. As a consequence of this, we oppose funding for initiatives that are restricted to particular ethnic and cultural groups as they undermine community solidarity. We support efforts to end discrimination, with the aim being equal treatment for all.

References

[1]        Kenan Malik – Against multiculturalism – New Humanist, Summer 2002 – http://www.kenanmalik.com/essays/against_mc.html

[2&3]   Frances Fox Piven – Globalising Capitalism and the rise of

Identity Politics -  http://socialistregister.com/socialistregister.com/files/SR_1995_Piven.pdf   

[4]        Alastair Harper – Blood of the Isles – Identity, June 2007 -

http://www.identitymagazine.org.uk/pdf/200706iii.pdf

[5]        Polly Curtis – ‘Don’t say I was wrong’ – The Guardian, 12 May 2009 -          http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/may/12/chris-woodhead-teaching

[6]        Saturday Review – 16 January, 1864

[7]        Comment made by Scott on: Can we pay for pensions without working until we drop? – Daily Telegraph, 7 May, 2009 – http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/edmundconway/5286906/Can-we-pay-for-pensions-without-working-until-we-drop.html

[8]        Kenan Malik – Making a difference: culture, race and social policyPatterns of Prejudice, Vol 39, no 4, December 2005 – http://www.kenanmalik.com/papers/pop_multiculturalism.html

18 Responses to “Multiculturalism & identity politics – the reactionary consequences and how they can be challenged”

  1. Michael Says:

    Excellent analysis of one of the worst wrong turns that the ‘left’ has taken in recent decades. ‘Firing our guns in both directions at once’ -against the separatism of the BNP and the liberals who prioritise race and ethnicity over everything else- is the way forward for those who believe in integration not division.

  2. napier Says:

    If the Asians wanted to integrate then one of the first things they would do is choose British names for their children. The fact is that the overwhelming number of Asians continue to give their children Asian names and show no signs of embracing British names.

    If I had my way then I would impose a list of government approved names to stop parents from giving their children foreign names, Americanised names, and silly names. Any that refuse to pick a name from the list will have their child named Jack or Emily by the government.

  3. xyz Says:

    Napier – that’s a joke, right? because that is without doubt one of the most bonkers ideas I’ve ever heard…

  4. steve R Says:

    yeah what crap – “impose a list of government approved names”
    and what’s a “British” name anyway?

  5. napier Says:

    I would like an intelligent answer from an officer of the IWCA explaining how and why the EDL has managed to spring out of nowhere into a several thousand strong high profile movement in such a short space of time. The speed of progress of the EDL has even taken the BNP by surprise. In contrast, the IWCA moves forward at a snail’s pace. Most EDL members on the street appear to be staunchly working class people.

  6. GO'H Says:

    To be fair your not the only one asking where the EDL has come from ‘in so short a space of time.’
    For the BNP it smacks of a state inspired honey trap. Which is why they were instantly proscribed. For the likes of the UAF it is of course a god send, in sort of fulfilling their prediction that the BNP were about to ‘return to the streets’. Which is why despite little of no evidence the conservative left and sections of the media are determined to link the EDL and the BNP mainly it seems to tar the latter with the behaviour of the former. Not a great success so far because of the BNP’s swift action. So the question really is what is the EDL’s end game? Up to now all they have achieved is publicity for the EDL? If that’s all there is to it then it would not be unreasonable accept the BNP analyis as essentially accurate.

  7. napier Says:

    Another possibility is some powerful Zionist group. Israeli flags are prominently displayed at EDL demonstrations.

  8. peter Says:

    Give over napier you anti-semite – shame on the website for allowing this stuff… ‘Powerful Zionist group’ indeed… jah Goebells, zey have tentacles everywhere’… you’ll be on about the ZOG next…

    I’ve met the EDL and they are mix of classes but mostly working class, largely white, wholly disgruntled at the pass given to radical Islam in the uk… then again, who sensible wouldn’t be?

  9. Heidi Svenson Says:

    sorry to get back on topic, but can I draw people’s attention to the latest issue of Notes From the Borderland, which covers some of the same ground as the above on BNP strategy and support, and even mentions this site/article!

    Check out http://www.borderland.co.uk/preview_002.htm

  10. Martin Says:

    Peter:

    “Give over napier you anti-semite – shame on the website for allowing this stuff”

    You’re right, we haven’t been quick enough on the ball and we should have pulled him up on it before now.

    Napier:

    The comments section of this site is for discussion of the IWCA article in question. While dissenting views are welcomed (it’s why you’ve been tolerated this long), it is not a platform for trolls and social inadequates with their own agenda to spout right-wing crap. You’ve already derailed the economic democracy thread with your garbage about home schooling, on this thread we’ve had your nonsense about a list of approved British names and now it’s Zionists controlling the EDL. You can consider this your first yellow card. One more infraction and you’re barred.

  11. napier Says:

    As far as I’m concerned the IWCA is insignificant and irrelevant. Worst of all it carries the seeds of its own failure. The BNP isn’t perfect, and is very crooked and underdeveloped in places (taxation policy, arrogant leadership), but it’s the best infrastructure we have got at the moment. I shall not waste any more of my time with the IWCA in the foreseeable future as obviously they do not appreciate my advice and recommendations. I might call round again once your membership is in 4 figures and you have at least 20 elected councillors.

    One final point. The BNP refrains from all this left-wing right-wing nonsense. We focus on policies, strategies, and most important of all, outcomes. From a technical point of view the BNP is a syncretic party but our members know that the general public has no time for such technical terms. What they want are solutions to their problems and they are more interested in how they can benefit from the BNP rather than where it is placed in the political spectrum.

  12. Bill Corr Says:

    Napier on 13 October said what the Bulgarian political elite said in the last few years of Communist Party rule, except that those ethno-cultural nationalists insisted that Pomaks* and Turks of ALL ages were to change their names to Christian Slav names or else lose entitlement to schooling, government employment and pensions, plus much more.

    In a number of places like Kardjali and Ribnovo this idiocy led to bloodshed. Anyway, the upheaval in the USSR and the political change in Bulgaria led to an end to this silliness.

    Actually, the Greeks did the same in Greek Macedonia, insisting that Dimitri become Demetrios and so on.

    An oddity: in the USA and elsewhere, some westerners like Omar Bradley and innumerable women called Leila, bear ‘Muslim’ names. Just a thought!

    * Pomaks are blood-and-bone Slavs whose forbears converted to Islam voluntarily, or who were converted to Islam at the point of a scimitar, centuries ago. They live in the south of Bulgaria.

  13. Angela Says:

    My opinion is that the UK is one of the most class-ridden in the world. Urgh. I’m quite well-travelled and what George Bernard Shaw said is true “you tell what class an Englishman is as soon as he speaks” but elsewhere in other countries it’s reigonal accents BUT these accents are not taken as representative of who is blue-collar and who isn’t but just of what province you’re from. I suppose what I’m trying to say is that the article here is very engaging but in other countries various societies work differently.

  14. UK Fightback Says:

    No need to resort to conspiracy theories to explain the “sudden” emergence of the EDL. The EDL is tiny as an actual organisation but draws street support from mobilising elements in football firms and groups like the BNP, NF and C18 etc – all of which have existed for DECADES – so no mystery there!

    Just as the EDL wildly exaggerate the “threat” posed by idiots like Anjem Choudary, they also wildly exaggerate their own strength. At even their best turn-outs they’ve have been outnumbered at least 2 or even 3 to 1 by Anti-Fascists, the EDL drew TENS of supporters to protests in Swansea, Wrexham, Harrow and Glasgow, and the worst of their demos have been completely cancelled owing to total lack of support, ie – Newport. As to “state honey trap”, again there’s no need for conspiracy theories they’re funded by internet tycoon Alan Lake.

  15. Paul Says:

    I don’t agree on accents. It was maybe true in the past but now there are plenty of bosses out there with regional accents. I work for Royal Mail and there are loads of the scumbags there. Managers who’ve ‘worked their way up’ and take great delight in bullying and harassing (and sacking) people with an accent and background not dissimilar to theirs. Meanwhile, I’m first generation Irish in Britain and so don’t have much of an accent – yet I’d never do what they’ve done.

    Not sure what this has to with multiculturalism but there you go! :-)

    Napier – The IWCA may be small at the moment but it is certainly not irrelevant. BNP activists may do some good local work but the long term vision is just garbage. There is an issue with Islam and the answer is total opposition to the Islamists, Sharia tribunals, ritual slaughter (and general exemptions for all religious law) and so on. It is not the BNP route of dovetailing the mainstream parties and press on the issue.

  16. Curtis Says:

    Anyone who doubts the veracity of this article on multicult and identity politics should take a long hard look at the sad state of the U.S. left, which far from being invigorated by Obama’s election as many of them secretly hoped, now seems destined for even more marginality and irrelevance then before, if that is possible. And this in a period of economic crisis, the worst since the Depression, when you would think the left would be invigorated. Instead, it’s a beginning of a non-stop melt-down.

    Case in point: I went to an ostensibly left forum with Angela Davis. I heard about “feminist strategies to contest power in museum curating” (OK, so it was held at an art school) and Davis ramble incoherently about the oppression facing transpersons every time they have to fill out a form where gender is indicated. Not a word about the thousands of foreclosures and layoffs going on.

    The result? While the left timidly wanted (and many still want) to give Obama “a chance”, afraid of being seen as “racist,” a new populist right has seized the rage and misdirected it in the Tea Party movement, an incoherent and unstable coalition which mingles genuine grievance with a peculiarly and oh-so typical American conspiracy and paranoia. Does this scenario sound familiar? It’s exactly what the IWCA predicted would happen with Blair in 1997. And if I hadn’t followed the IWCA discussion at the time maybe I would have had the same illusions too. But I knew from your UK experience that the same thing would happen over here. As the saying you all put out went, “politics abhors a vacuum.”

    It’s not that the conservative left is indifferent to the economic crisis; they will make the right noises.
    But few of them are affected by it, since the liberal/left here is drawn almost exclusively from the more privileged and degreed upper middle class. It’s an abstract sympathy from up high, not along side those affected, the response of what a hostile but not inaccurate critic referred to as “the gentry left,” concerned about its PC lifestyles and consumer choices not “unglamorous” issues like class.

  17. Nansy Says:

    It’s a shame that was so hard to read. Not written in very class friendly terminology – I’m just not educated enough to understand what they’re trying to say! One bit seemed to suggest that we shouldn’t be proud of our roots and embrace the thing we were born as cos that leaves no room to change and we’ll have no aspirations and get stuck as working class people forever. And I got the bit about left wing government deserting the working class and putting all it’s attentions on the ethnic minority – which is a dubious thing to say. Thatcher had destroyed the ladder for the working class by shutting down so many industries – by the time labour got in, the damage was so bad that any improvements was going to be a long, slow process. I guess all those regeneration grants, free swimming for kids, grants for sport and art in deprived areas, funding for education in prisons and pru’s etc were just seen as a bit of a token gesture of goodwill. But they’re all gone now that the tories are back and who feels the difference? Even the brass band don’t play in the park anymore cos the tories swiped that funding! I’m not pro-labour. I’m not pro-government – they all stink. And the bloody airy fairy socialsit worker types don’t do no-one any favours. I’m just not getting what’s bad about multi culturism. Multi – culture must mean a variety of cultures existing in one place – which they do. And you either like people or you don’t – irrelevent of their culture – so surely multi – culturalism is neither good nor bad – it just… is? (I know – I’m obviously missing a very intelligent point – but that just means that you’ll have to write all that stuff you wrote up there all over again, in a way that I understand! Thanks!)

  18. Rachel Says:

    Cultural identity does not have to be tied to class. Any one from any race can learn to get along with the majority race without being awkward.

    I believe, from my own interactions with people, that those particular Muslims who are very outwardly Muslim and live such different lives (such as refusing to watch TV or listen to radio music because they think it’s “forbidden” – something which other Muslims who don’t restrict themselves from telly or pop music disagree with) even when they are living in countries where the general majority do the exact opposite, are really trying to differentiate themselves from the majority in a sort of “me against the world” thinking. A sort of personal rebellion if you like, against societal norms, because they have somehow concluded that modern contemporary society is somewhat evil or sinful or that it is part of the cause(s) of their own personal struggles.

    This simply cannot be said to apply to others of different races, who are happy to tolerate and accept the societal norms of the majority, are happy to play ball and strive to better themselves economically and work towards social mobility, but yet still retaining some element of their own ancestral heritage, which may be different from the majority’s.

    Many Indians, Chinese, Vietnamese, etc. who have done very well for themselves economically and career-wise, get along fine with the white majority, do not reject the majority’s culture, and yet still retaining a strong personal sense of their own cultural heritage, which is also a big part of their personal identities. The preservation of cultural identities does not have to mean being “content” with low status in society and not working towards achieving high aspirations. It does seem very strange that this essay seems to be saying otherwise.

    I do notice that in the white working class population, few have high aspirations for social mobility. Perhaps it’s to do with their culture in some way? Asians are known for being rather more pushy with their children wrt to educational achievement, because they see education as a means to rise out of their lower social and economic statuses. Asians also do tend to have a more pragmatic, materialistic view of life, and after generations of their ancestors having endured years of bad politics and poverty, it just spurs them on to want to do better for themselves. In many Asian families, the concepts of working hard in school, going to university as a goal, getting a good job (but not one in Arts fields where earnings are not that stable) are ingrained into their children from a very young age.

    I believe all people are capable of doing better for themselves, but they need to have the right support to start, and one of the most important is family support for this. If jobs are that hard to find, well at least if one is well-qualified and has skills sought after in other countries, one does not have to be condemned to staying in one’s home country if it becomes a sinking ship. In the UK at least, the situation for higher education is not that dire. At least there are still student loans so students don’t have to worry about upfront payment. In many other countries however, people are actually unable to go to Uni even if they have the motivation and ability to cope with the degree of their choice, because they are expected to pay for their tuition fees upfront, but their families are too poor to afford that.

    In a way, then, it is becoming quite the case that to achieve social mobility these days, one needs good qualifications. Preferably tertiary qualifications. Being poor is not the issue, but families and society in general have to be supportive and encourage their young to work hard so they can go to Uni into courses that have more prospects. Having a degree is no guarantee of a job. One needs to work hard too and luck. But such a person is in a far more advantageous position than someone who has no qualifications, and one can find jobs abroad if the job market dries up here. A good tertiary qualification will give one more points to qualify for an Australian work visa, for instance.

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